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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1427\margr5143\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3133\margrsxn5179\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw2279\colsr1393\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 FA-HIAN'S ACCOUNT}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 253}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1427\margrsxn5143\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi0\ri47\sb148\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Candragupta II, as seems quite probable, we have then definite evidence that the Gupta monarch firmly estab\-lished his supremacy in Bengal, and destroyed the rem\-\expndtw1 nants of the Saka and the Kushan power in the north\-\expndtw-4 west, a task which Samudragupta could accomplish only \expndtw-7 partially.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li22\fi0\ri0\sb112\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Fa-Liar?s itinerary \i0 (399-414 \i A.D.)}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li18\fi425\ri36\sb122\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 During the reign of Candragupta II, the celebrated \expndtw-2 pilgrim, Fa-hian, came overland from China to India, \expndtw0 enduring the hardships and dangers of the Gobi Desert \expndtw7 and the mountainous tracts of Kliotan, the Pamirs, \expndtw1 Swat, and Gandhara. Reaching Peshawar, he made a \expndtw-2 detour across the hills to the north and the west, entered \expndtw-4 the Punjab, passed on to places like Mathura, Samkas'ya, \expndtw-5 Kanauj, SravastI, Kapilavastu, Kusinagara, Vaisall, Patali-\expndtw4 putra, iCasl, etc. He then proceeded to Tamralipti \expndtw0 (Tamluk, Midnapur district), where he embarked for \expndtw-5 Ceylon and Java on his voyage homeward.\super 1\nosupersub  Fa-hian was, \expndtw-3 no doubt, so engrossed in his quest for Buddhist manus\-\expndtw2 cripts and relics that he did not even care to note the \expndtw4 name of the emperor, in whose dominions he spent \expndtw-2 several happy years. But occasionally the pilgrim per\-\expndtw-1 suaded himself to write about the life of the people and \expndtw1 the general condition of the country. Let us now con\-\expndtw-1 sider what information we obtain from these incidental \expndtw-5 observations.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li29\fi0\ri0\sb68\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex85\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 PataHpntra}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li450\fi0\ri0\sb61\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Fa-hian stayed in the Imperial city of Pataliputra}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi0\ri0\sb112\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 Vincent Smith believes Candfa is the same as Candragupta II (/. \i\expndtw5 R.A.S., \i0 1897, pp. 1-18); R. D. Banerji \i (Ep. Ind., \i0 XIV, pp. 367-\expndtw1 71) and H. P. Sastii \i (Ibid., \i0 XII, pp. 315-21; XIII, p. 133) equate \expndtw-2 Candra with Candravarmari; whereas Dr. Raychaudhuri takes Can-dra to be identical with either Sada-Candra or CandramsX "prefer\-\expndtw5 ably the latter" \i (Pol. Plisf. Anc. Ind., \i0 4th ed., p. 449, n. i).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi360\ri22\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1\nosupersub  See \i Fo-kwo-ki \i0 (The Travels  of Fa-hian), Beal, \i ~E>Mist  \i0 R*-\i\charscalex92\expndtw8 tords of the Western World, \i0 pp. xxiii-xl.}\par }